It makes it clear that this cosmetic product in stores. But soap making is more gaining. Soap makers, bangers, and others. Once again, there is a need for special care. Your own hands?
The home soap is better than purchased
Soap, which doesn’t contain natural ingredients. It is, in fact, it is difficult to call it, because it is saponified vegetable fats, not refined petroleum products. The shop product often can cause allergic reactions.
When you are at home, you can only use your skin type. And then you can become a profitable business.
What ingredients are used
It is possible to prepare the purchase basis. As the latter, you can also use natural baby soap without fragrances. The remnants of the waste and the “waste” into an aromatic soap.
It is much easier to work with a ready-made base. It is transparent and white. It is also available in natural bases. You can buy them in stores for soap. Working with the base is easy, but you still need some skills. You need to be in the field of chemistry, Before you start cooking the soap.
This will make it possible for you to use it. Consider the list of necessary components for each case.
Ingredients for ready-made soap
All the main ingredients can be bought in a regular supermarket. Some probably will be in your home. You will need:
- ready basis;
- base vegetable oils;
- essential oils;
- herbs, petals, honey, ground coffee – at will;
- alcohol medical.
Price of hardness, speed of hardening and other characteristics. There are organic bases that are used to make all-natural soap.
Transparent soap is made from transparent base.
Base oils are used to enrich the use of moisturizing, nourishing and softening. Dries out, splits and splits. For the same purpose, you can add a cream or body milk, cream or pasteurized milk.
Important! Do not overdo it with moisturizing ingredients and oils. If you decide to add fatty milk, reduce the amount. Soap, supersaturated with fats, badly foams.
Dyes are liquid and dry. It is most convenient to use the right amount of drops. Then dyed into the finished mass. Try not to overdo it with dyes, because of this Buy three colors: red, yellow and blue. When mixing them, you can achieve almost any shade.
In addition to the artificial colors, you can apply natural ones. It can be spices (turmeric, curry), the same base oils (sea buckthorn, pumpkin), various fillers (colored clay, ground coffee, cocoa, strong decoctions of herbs). It is clear that it will be possible to achieve as much as possible.
Pearl pigments, glitter and various decorations can also be used for decoration.
You can give it a shine.
Flavors are responsible for the beautiful aroma. You can use confectionery fragrances for homemade cosmetics. Use of oils, honey, chocolate, coffee, dried peel, herbs, flowers and petals. The disadvantage of essential oils is that they disappear more quickly. They are usually given at the very end.
Alcohol is also used in soap making. It removes air bubbles from the surface and connects to the multi-layered color soap. For this alcohol is poured into a small dispenser and the surface of the product.
Can be used to add a decoction of herbs, dried chamomile flowers and natural essential oils.
Soap to acquire such properties as scrubbing, anti-cellulite effect, wrinkle smoothing, etc., different fillers are added to it. It is a ground coffee, it is a crushed, crab, oatmeal, crushed sea salt and many other things. The desired beneficial properties.
Do not use fresh fruits, berries, cucumbers, ginger root and similar ingredients. They will rot and quickly bring your “enriched” soap into disrepair. Petal ginger powder, dried fruits.
Tools and devices
You will also need:
- enameled or stainless steel saucepan;
- any other water bath casserole;
- plastic or glass container for the microwave;
- measuring cup;
- kitchen electronic scales;
- alcohol spray;
- soap molds.
Forms can be bought in silicone pastry tins. Container of flexible plastic. Purchased forms come in plastic or silicone. For beginners, it’s the best way to get ready-made soap.
Soap forms are plastic and silicone
Pans, dishes made of cast iron. It is suitable for use in a microwave oven. Scales and scales.
What ingredients are boiled soap "from scratch"
The soap base is prepared independently, using only the three components:
- oil for saponification;
- liquid – distilled water, herbal decoction, milk.
Will need caustic soda (NaOH). It is sold in the form of flakes or small crystals. Alkali is necessary for the saponification of fats, namely base oils.
Caustic soda is also called caustic soda.
"Scratch of Scratch" It has been recommended that it can be used. This will be overfired. As a rule, valuable and expensive oils are used for it.
Vegetable oils use any. Add pork fat. It is needed in order to pre-dissolve and prepare for combining with fats. When using decoctions of herbs, you can use aroma and shade.
To improve the color, its color and aromatization use the following components:
- plasticizers – sugar, sorbitol, fructose, honey;
- acids – lactic, succinic, stearic, citric;
- oils for enrichment (re-grease);
- various useful fillers.
Dyes, flavors and fillers use the same. Plasticizers are needed to improve foaming. Acids will make your hair harder and bactericidal properties. Lanolin will have a soft skin effect.
Car wash, beneficial properties
- two pans (one can be from heat-resistant glass);
- hand blender;
- measuring cup;
- glass stirring stick or spoon;
- capacity for work with alkali;
Important! Tools for cooking!
When working with alkali
For hands, hands and body
Will need the appropriate components. Others – moisturizing and nourishing, others – bactericidal and drying. It is worth noting. Body wash or hand soap. Also, not all components are suitable for every skin type.
Table: Recommended ingredients for
It helps to smooth wrinkles. It will be reduced to dry skin. For coarse dried skin recommend using lanolin. Orange oil, seaweed, loofah and ground skin.
Essential oils give a beautiful aroma and also “enrich” soap with useful properties.
Making solid soap at home
First, the base is melted in a microwave. In the first method, the base melts longer, but it turns out to be a uniformly melted mass. In addition, you can control the melting process. When heated in a stove. Therefore, for 5 minutes, check the condition of every minute for 5–10 seconds.
From soap base
Having been prepared for the following:
- Cut the base into small cubes and fold into a suitable container.
Chopped soap base folded in a glass container
Until the complete solidification
Such as beautiful soap can come from ready-made bases, oils and pigments.
This is a standard action algorithm. Fillets and fillers depend on the recipe.
The recommended number of components per 100 g basis
- base oils – 1/3 tsp;
- essential oils – 3–7 drops;
- flavor – 3-4 drops;
- liquid dye – 1–7 drops;
- dry pigment – 1/3 tsp.
Other additives (herbs, clay, scrubbing ingredients) can be added as desired, as well as in accordance with the recipe.
Important! Warm, but not hot, “soapy” mass. They are quite volatile, evaporate quickly, and their properties are lost.
Video: soap base
Cold and hot production from scratch
This is the most real soap. You can only cook in the future as a finished purchase.
Soap-making "from scratch" is not the safest occupation. We know how it’s possible to leave the body. Therefore, it is a fact that it is not necessary to pay attention.
Alkali, reagent, water and emulsion, it is very harmful to mucous membranes. Substance.
Safety rules when working with alkali
- Be sure to use protective equipment: respiratory goggles, rubber gloves.
- Clothes and shoes should be as closed as possible.
- For cooking.
- It is the best to work with alkali outdoors. If this is not possible – open the windows and turn on the hood.
- Food should not be cooked in the kitchen. Children and animals should also not be present.
- Reacting with water, the alkali reaction occurs. Make sure that you are pleased with the ice cubes.
- Container for glass with alkali.
While preparing the soap base. Then follow the general rules for making soap from scratch.
Another important point. Alkaline solution is poured into liquid oils and not vice versa! Ingress of whole soda crystals.
We recommend using special indicator strips (litmus papers). For the reaction. Next color scale on the package. The darker the shade It is considered to be immature and not ready for use.
Using a special soap calculator. The latter can be found on the Internet. The amount of oil and alkali for the correct ratio. For beginners, we recommend that you use ready-made recipes from the Internet.
This is the online calculator for calculating the amount of ingredients for soap.
Prepare a base in two ways:
- Cool way. But it takes a long time to "ripen" soap.
- Hot way. It is ready for use within 24 hours.
Consider each one of them.
- Measure out the right amount of alkali.
- Pour ice water into a special container.
- Slowly pour the alkali into the water and stir immediately.
Alkali is added gently to the liquid.
Solid oils are heated in a water bath until they are completely melted.
Whip oils with alkali solution using a hand blender.
When the soap becomes base, it becomes viscous
The “stage” of the “trace” stage is the path of the “trace” stage. It will be what you should say.
Video: Soap "from scratch" in a cold way
It is a trace of the stage. It can be fragrant homemade soap.
The method of the trace of the cold method. The most interesting begins later.
So, viscous base is ready. We proceed to the following processing:
- Water bath The water level should not be reached.
- Cook on low heat for 3-4 hours under the lid.
Lid on low fire
The litmus test (pH indicator) will help determine the alkalinity of the finished soap base.
Video: Soap "from scratch" hot
It can be used immediately after its preparation.
Soap making recipes
It is a huge number of recipes for different types of ingredients, properties, fillers and appearance. Consider a few recipes using the basics, but it can be used if necessary.
- organic base – 250 g;
- carrot juice – 1/2 tsp;
- decoction of the sequence and chamomile – 1 tsp;
- almond oil – 8 drops;
- mandarin oil – 1-2 drops;
- funny kids’ molds made of silicone in the form of little animals.
It is a mixture of water and alcohol.
It can be made from
- transparent base – 100 g;
- calendula oil extract – 1/3 tsp;
- birch tar –