Intestinal candidiasis is a fungal infection of the mucous membrane. The causative agent of the disease is considered to be a yeast Candida. When the intestinal microflora is disturbed, dysbacteriosis develops in the body. During such a period, a failure occurs in the usual vital activity of favorable microorganisms, and Candida begins active development and candidiasis is formed. This disease is often diagnosed among children and carries a great danger to their lives.
What is intestinal candidiasis?
Intestinal candidiasis – the defeat of the digestive tract infection caused by candidal fungi as a result of a significant weakening of the immune system. The disease can occur with diarrhea and unbearable pain in the intestinal area and is difficult to diagnose.
There are subsequent stages of infection with candidal fungi:
- intestinal dysbacteriosis with excessive growth of the fungus;
- candida, observed in a large number of people;
- candidal colitis.
Candida mushrooms are microorganisms that are constantly present in the form of spores in the human body. Parasites are usually localized on the mucous membranes of the intestines and organs of the urogenital system. With healthy immunity, mushrooms do not harm the body.
Causes of the disease
The following factors can provoke the formation of intestinal candidiasis:
- Violation of the digestive processes and obesity.
- Taking antibiotics that provoked an imbalance in the intestinal microflora.
- Chemotherapy, for the treatment of cancer.
- The presence of infectious diseases in a chronic form.
- Receiving glucocorticosteroids
- Transplantation of internal organs.
- Hepatitis, anemia, cirrhosis of the liver.
- Irrational as well as unbalanced nutrition.
- Different immunodeficiency states.
In addition, the development of this disease can cause autoimmune or allergic diseases, regular stress, age-related changes, pregnancy.
Candidiasis intestinal will not bother as long as the internal microflora is able to resist infection. The causative agents of the disease are fungal microorganisms of Candida of different types.
The genus Candida has many varieties. Consider the most common ones.
This type of microorganism usually affects the esophagus, tongue, throat, mouth. Less common in the genital area. It is considered a pretty contagious disease. It is difficult to treat because few medicines are produced, effective against this type of fungus. Not diagnosed often.
This type of fungus provokes the development of urogenital candidiasis. The disease can be almost asymptomatic. With a severe course, the illness can end in death for the patient. At risk are people with very weak immunity and cancer.
It is the causative agent of endocarditis and a very aggressive infection. Resistant to treatment and can trigger the development of thrush. If this type of fungus is diagnosed in a woman during this period, it is recommended to delay the pregnancy.
It is considered the most common. A large number of people are carriers of these bacteria. Very often, the disease manifests itself with reduced immunity, after antibiotic therapy, during pregnancy. The fungus causes damage to the skin and intestinal mucosa.
In addition, there are the following types of fungal microorganisms:
- Robusta Not often diagnosed, affects the skin;
- Tropicalis. It is rare and mostly in animals;
- Stellatoid. It is diagnosed very rarely.
As mentioned earlier, fungal microorganisms of the Candida genus reside in every human body. Their numbers are insignificant and controlled by beneficial microflora (bifidobacteria, intestinal sticks, lactobacilli, enterococci). With a decrease in immunity, active reproduction of Candida begins and the fungus occupies different sections of the intestine.
Intestinal candidiasis is classified into the following types:
- Non-invasive candidiasis. Characterized by the growth of fungi Candida in the intestinal lumen.
- Invasive candidiasis. Differs in the penetration of the fungus into the intestinal wall. Candida enters the human body through the digestive system.
Invasive candidiasis is divided into the following types:
Most often, the invasive type of disease is complicated by pathologies of internal organs. This happens as a result of the ingress of fungi into the bloodstream and their further advancement through the bloodstream.
Symptoms of intestinal candidiasis
Candida fungus in the intestine is manifested by various symptoms.
Signs of non-invasive candidiasis
This form of the disease develops when the fungus actively multiplies in the intestinal lumen, not penetrating into the tissue. In this case, the patient is a violation of digestion.
Signs of non-invasive intestinal candidiasis:
- violation of well-being;
- discomfort in the stomach;
- itching in the anus.
In addition, patients may experience bloating, a feeling of heaviness, fatigue, problems with appetite.
This type of candidiasis is considered the most common.
Symptoms of invasive candidiasis
This type of disease is considered a rare form, but with a more severe course.
The main symptoms of intestinal candidiasis are distinguished in men and women:
- pain in the abdomen;
- diarrhea with blood impurities.
In addition, flatulence may torment the patient.
With late treatment, the disease can affect the mucous membranes, as well as other internal organs.
In the case of the development of a focal form in a patient, the following comorbidities are observed:
- duodenal ulcer.
As well as this form of the disease occurs with anal itching and deceitful urge to defecate, causing pain.
Signs of intestinal candidiasis are similar to the manifestations of many diseases. If any manifestations of the disease are detected, the patient should immediately consult a doctor in order to be examined and to start treatment promptly.
To make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor usually prescribes a biopsy. The resulting material is examined histologically and microscopically.
And also the doctor may prescribe:
- endoscopic examination, which allows to identify the erosive form of the disease;
- x-ray intestine.
Mandatory diagnostic method is the analysis of feces for the presence of bacteria.
When candidiasis of the colon is detected, the doctor individually selects a method of treatment.
Treatment of intestinal candidiasis is a long and not simple process. Combined therapy, including drug treatment, diet and traditional medicine methods can be cured of the disease.
Treatment of the disease can be divided into the following stages:
- Therapy of pathologies associated with candidiasis.
- Antibiotic therapy.
- Restoration of the natural intestinal microflora.
To cure ailment in childhood, antibacterial drugs are used in tablets or suspensions. Also, the complex uses local antiseptic drugs. In addition, it is recommended to take Bifidumbakterin. This medicine contains the bacteria that are needed to quickly restore the intestinal microflora of the child.
It is very difficult to cure intestinal candidiasis with the help of antifungal medications, since in most cases the active substances of the drugs are adsorbed at the beginning of the intestines and do not reach the desired goal where the fungus is localized. For this reason, the choice of drugs requires a highly qualified approach.
Most often, follow-up medications are used to cure intestinal candidiasis:
- Pimafucin It is considered a very common medication. Available in tablet form. Top pills are covered with an enteric coating. Due to this, the drug gets to the location of the fungus. Dosage for adults: 1 tablet 4 times a day, for children: 1 tablet 2 times a day.
- Fluconazole. The drug is available in capsules and is considered an effective remedy for the cure of intestinal candidiasis. The dosage is determined by the doctor, taking into account the age of the patient, the severity of the development of the disease and other factors.
- Macmiror. This broad spectrum antifungal agent effectively fights Candida. The regimen is prescribed by the doctor, individually for each patient.
In addition, for the effective treatment of fungal lesions of the lower intestine, rectal suppositories are prescribed: Natamycin or Nystatin. The tool is administered after emptying the intestines according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor. The duration of treatment is on average