Researchers say that depression can affect people at any time of the year.
Scientists have discovered a new species. seasonal depression, which affects more and more people. Depression called Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAR) affects from 1 to 10 percent of the population.
The causes of ATS are not yet known, but researchers will learn more about its biological clues. Reports of successful treatment with light therapy led to the theory that a decrease in the amount of daylight during the autumn and winter months interrupts the circadian rhythms of some people who cause depression.
People tend to experience symptoms in the fall and winter, ”says Dr. Victor Fornari, director of child and adolescent psychiatry at Zucker Hillside Hospital in Long Island, New York. – Sometimes they are observed in the springtime.
Symptoms of ATS are the same as those that accompany depression. Irritability, lack of interest in hobbies, difficulty with attention are all symptoms of ATS, said Fornari.
Although some forms of depression lead to weight loss, those who suffer from ATS often have an increased appetite and weight gain. The disorder is also marked by daytime sleepiness and lack of energy.
If you feel depressed for several days and you cannot do anything about it, then you should go to your doctor. This is especially worth it if you dream, or thoughts of suicide appear, said Catherine Rokliin, professor of psychology at the University of Pittsburgh.
Doctors diagnose ATS based on symptoms. Usually tests are needed only to rule out other causes of depressive symptoms. Sometimes for severe forms of ATS, psychological evaluation is necessary.
The disorder is considered a subtype of depression or bipolar disorder and can be difficult to distinguish from other psychological problems.
A person typically experiences depression and other symptoms for at least two years in a row during the same season each year. Periods of depression were accompanied by periods without depression and there are no other explanations for changes in mood or behavior.
Most people with ATS experience depressive symptoms in the fall and winter. However, the rare form of ATS affects people in the summer months.
According to the Mayo Clinic, the summer form of affective disorder is the most severe.
Treatment for ATS can be different, depending on how a person reacts to a particular therapy.
Many people with SAR turn to light-therapy light therapy, usually 30 minutes in the morning. A specialized fluorescent light simulates daylight.
You are sitting a few feet away. This can be very effective for people who have a winter depression, Fornari said. – Often within a few days their condition improves.
Doctors recommend that SAR patients receive medical advice before trying light therapy.
Doctors may also prescribe antidepressants to people who suffer from ATS. The most common drug for SAD is bupropion (Wellbutrin XL, Aplenzin). It may take several weeks before the patient sees the result from the medication.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can also help people manage depressive symptoms of the disorder. During therapy sessions, people are asked to identify negative thoughts that cause them an unpleasant condition. Then, experts will teach them skills that help manage and change negative thoughts, Fornari said.
Light therapy, antidepressants, CPT, or a combination of these approaches is the primary treatment for people with ATS.
Doctors also recommend that these people try to get as much natural daylight as possible, take walks. Studying and staying in touch with family and friends can also alleviate the symptoms of ATS.
Some see improvement after trying yoga, meditation and
According to the Mayo Clinic, some people tried to take herbal preparations and dietary supplements to deal with the symptoms, however, these drugs can level the medication and have side effects, so it’s best to talk to your doctor before trying them.
One of the current problems in the treatment is the period of testing and errors for finding the right primary treatment for a person.
People with brown eyes are more prone to stress and depression in the winter
This conclusion was made by scientists of the University of South Wales. The study involved almost two hundred people who answered the question about seasonal disorders. It turned out that people with light or blue eyes are less depressed than brown-eyed people. According to scientists, the reason is the amount of light that human eyes are able to miss. That is, brown-eyed receive a much smaller dose of light. Experts advised to spend more time on the street, especially on sunny days.