Choosing a diet, you need to clearly imagine the ultimate goal. If you want to lose weight for weight loss, then you can use any low-calorie diet. If you intend to kill two birds with one stone at once (that is, get rid of extra pounds and improve your health), then you are best to choose a medical nutrition system, such as, for example, a potassium diet.
The potassium diet is designed specifically for people with certain vascular problems. Nutritionists recommend the transition to this diet for people with hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, circulatory failure, as well as those who are not yet sick, but are prone to similar illnesses.
Essence of the diet
Physicians consider cholesterol to be the main cause of cardiovascular problems. Narrowing the lumen between the walls of blood vessels, it provokes an increase in blood pressure, causing headaches, migraines, hemorrhages in the brain, heart attacks. Enemy number 2 doctors call salt, excessive consumption of which leads to fluid retention in the body, which provokes the development of hypertension. That is why the potassium diet is poor in animal products and salt (hypertensive patients should not consume more than 5 g of salt per day). Instead of prohibited foods, this diet includes foods rich in potassium salts (potatoes, fish, cereals), which help eliminate excess fluid from the body and stabilize blood pressure. However, the transition to this food system does not exempt people with hypertension from taking medication.
Duration of the diet: 6-10 days
Depending on the state of health (and endurance) losing weight, you can stretch the diet for 10 days, but you can limit yourself to six. For this rations I and II should be applied within 1-2 days each. And rations III-IV are designed for 2-3 days.
Comment Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Gastroenterology and Dietetics, KMAPO them. Shupik Galina Anokhina: “The potassium diet is known both among nutritionists and cardiologists. It is described in many textbooks on diet therapy and has a strict scientific basis. Designed to reduce blood pressure and improve blood circulation, it is good both for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and for the period of their exacerbation. True, this diet cannot be used for a long time, since there is practically no protein in it, and without it liver function will suffer, and the formation of albumin, a substance that retains fluid in the cavity of the vascular bed and prevents the intercellular tissues from sweating, may decrease. Moreover, the potassium diet is designed for people with diseases of the cardiovascular system, and it is best for them to lose weight under the supervision of a doctor, because the transition from one nutritional system (even if bad, but to which the body has already adapted), to another – can lead to unforeseen consequences. So, during a sharp weight loss, a large amount of fatty acids and amino acids will enter the bloodstream, which increase blood clotting and increase the risk of blood clots. So before going on a diet, it’s best to go through a comprehensive examination and evaluate all the risks. ”