Kidney stones diet

Kidney stones, or in medical language – calculi, these are dense formations that are formed in different cavity organs, including the kidneys.

Urinary, or kidney stones are formed in the urinary tract and chemical composition (acid residue), are divided into groups: urates, oxalates, phosphates and carbonates.

The most common are the first two types of stones.

The main features of the diet for kidney stones

Among the many factors of the formation of kidney stones, one of the main factors is nutrition. Kidney stone formation is provoked by the abuse of salty, acidic and spicy foods, as well as the use of high-salt drinking water. As an unhealthy diet is one of the factors in the development of urolithiasis, so a proper, healthy diet contributes to recovery. Only a nephrologist or a dietician can prescribe a therapeutic diet for kidney stones. It can not be the same for all patients with urolithiasis. It is carefully selected according to the chemical composition of the kidney stones.

Kidney stones diet

The main thing in the diet for kidney stones is to limit those substances whose metabolism differs from the norm. Alternatively, you can add to the usual diet (without exacerbation of the disease), products that neutralize the formation of stones. And yet, it is necessary to adhere to the rule that for each type of kidney stones there is its own diet.

Kidney Stones Diet – Oxaluria

Oxaluria, or the presence of oxalate kidney stones, is the most common type of urolithiasis. This disease develops on the background of a violation of mineral metabolism in the body, excretion with urine and the formation of oxalate calcium salts in the form of stones. Diet with kidney stones (oxaluria), is characterized by a decrease in the diet of products containing oxalic acid and calcium salts. It is worth paying attention not only to the qualitative composition of the diet, but also to the diet. Meals should be six times, with small portions.

Nutritionists advise do not turn on in the diet such foods and dishes:

• Strong broths from meat and fish, jellied meat, jellied meat;

• Meat and fish in smoked, fried and canned form;

• Green vegetables (sorrel, spinach, parsley, lettuce, rhubarb), eggplants, tomatoes, carrots, zucchini, chilli peppers, garlic, beans, lentils, beans, cauliflower, red radish and Brussels sprouts, radish, beet;

• Berries of red currant and gooseberry;

• Mushrooms and mushroom sauces, all kinds of spices and hot sauces;

• Remove from the diet drinks: alcohol, coffee, tea, cocoa, bread kvass, beer, juice from oranges, grapes, tomatoes.

Nutritionists recommend include In the individual diet the following foods:

• Boiled, lean meat and fish, egg dishes and milk soups in small quantities;

• Vegetable dishes from white cabbage, turnips, pumpkins, etc;

• Products and dishes containing large amounts of vitamin B6 and A: buckwheat, barley and barley groats, liver;

• Fruits that help remove salts of oxalic acid from the body: apples, pears, cornels;

• Products containing magnesium required for oxaluria: sea kale, prunes, dried apricots, millet;

• Of the beverages, preference should be given to green tea, juices, and freshly squeezed apple juice.

An important condition in the treatment of oxaluria is cleansing the body of salts of oxalic acid due to the large volume of fluid (minimum – 2 liters per day). The use of natural low-alkaline mineral water, such as Borjomi, is recommended.

Approximate one-day menu with oxaluria

• Breakfast: low-fat cottage cheese, green tea, dried white bread;

• Lunch: milk buckwheat porridge, apple juice;

• Lunch: vegetable soup, baked lean fish (pollock), table mineral water;

• Snack: boiled potatoes, cucumber salad, dogrose broth;

• Dinner: rice casserole, with berry kissel, compote of dried fruits;

• Second dinner: kefir or milk jelly.

Approximate weekly menu with oxaluria

Having a list of recommended products, you can make an approximate weekly menu with oxaluria.


• Breakfast: semolina, with berries, green tea with honey, white bread;

• Lunch: baked apple;

• Lunch: rice soup, with vegetables, boiled chicken fillet with cucumber salad, fruit and berry jelly;

• Snack: boiled egg, decoction of wild rose berries;

• Dinner: boiled cod, mashed potatoes, green tea, white bread;

• Second dinner: acidophilus.


• Breakfast: rice milk porridge, white bread, herbal tea;

• Lunch: cottage cheese dessert with apples;

• Lunch: vermicelli milk soup, steam meatballs in a milk sauce, berry jelly;

• Dinner: lazy cabbage rolls, white bread, apple compote;

• Second dinner: prunes.


• Breakfast: rice pudding with raisins, rhubarb jelly, wheat bread;

• Lunch: carrot cutlets, steamed with sour cream;

• Lunch: vegetarian soup with croutons, baked fish (cod), boiled potatoes, mineral water;

• Lunch: dried apricot mousse;

• Dinner: cottage cheese casserole, green tea;

• Second dinner: ryazhenka.


• Breakfast: white cabbage salad with apples, oatmeal porridge, herbal tea;

• Lunch: baked apple;

• Lunch: vegetable soup in chicken broth, steam cutlets with buckwheat, white bread, berry jelly;

• Dinner: soft omelet, cucumber salad, mineral water;

• Second dinner: kefir.


• Breakfast: crumbled buckwheat, green tea, white bread;

• Lunch: boiled egg, dried apricot compote;

• Lunch: soup with meatballs, vegetable, cottage cheese with dried apricots, green tea, wheat bread;

• Snack: fresh apple;

• Dinner: manna with milk sauce, wheat bread, fruit jelly;

• Second dinner: milk with honey.


• Breakfast: pudding with white bread, green tea;

• Lunch: warm milk;

• Lunch: borsch in chicken broth, steamed meatballs with stewed cabbage, dried fruit compote;

• Snack: vegetable salad;

• Dinner: zucchini fritters with sour cream, fresh apple compote;

• Second dinner: kefir.


• Breakfast: oatmeal with prunes, herbal tea, white crackers;

• Lunch; fruit salad, seasoned with light yogurt;

• Lunch: oatmeal soup, boiled beef tongue, rice with sour cream sauce, plum juice;

• Snack: curd cheese;

• Dinner: potato and meat rolls with sour cream sauce, berry jelly, white bread;

• Second dinner: kefir.

Kidney Stones Diet – Uraturia

Menu with a different type of kidney stones – uratah, should be aimed at removing salts of uric acid from the body.

They are a product of the metabolism of purine substances in the body. Uric acid salts are urates that are deposited in the form of crystals and stones in the kidneys. The diet for kidney stones (uratah), is based on products with a low content of purines. We can say that the main treatment for uratemia is diet therapy.

When uratah in the kidneys from the diet should be excluded: fatty meat and fish, canned meat, fish and vegetables, meat and fish broths, animal fats, offal, chocolate and cocoa, cabbage, spinach, onions, beans, spices.

It is recommended to reduce the amount of salt and bread. Since the appearance of urate in the urine is a consequence of an unbalanced diet, with a large number of meat products, nutritionists recommend that you include more vegetables and fruits in the diet.

It is necessary to include in the menu apples, pears, grapes, citrus, nuts, apricots, watermelons, pumpkins, cucumbers, eggplants, potatoes, dairy products, eggs. Particular attention should be paid to the drinking regime, excluding from it water with a high content of calcium. Alcohol is recommended to refuse.

Sample menu for the day with stones in the kidneys (Urata)

• Breakfast: wheat and apple pudding, tea with jam or honey;

• Lunch: vegetable salad with vegetable oil, rosehip decoction;

• Lunch: macaroni milk soup, potato patties with sour cream, fruit and berry jelly;

• Dinner: stuffed bell peppers (rice with carrots), non-carbonated table water;

• Second dinner: wheat bran with kefir.

Sample menu for the week, with uratah in the kidneys

Diet with kidney stones is not burdensome, if from the permitted products to prepare a variety of dishes.


• Breakfast: fruit salad with honey and yogurt, tea with bread;

• Lunch: warm milk with simple drying;

• Lunch: vegetable soup with greens, potato zrazy with sour cream, jelly;

• Snack: boiled egg with fresh cucumber;

• Dinner: cottage cheese, apple juice;

• Second dinner: ryazhenka.


• Breakfast: rice casserole, coffee;

• Lunch: muesli with kefir;

• Lunch: oatmeal soup, stewed cauliflower, tomato juice;

• Snack: squash caviar with rye bread, apple juice;

• Dinner: rice cakes with milk sauce, dry biscuits with milk;

• Second dinner: warm milk.


Kidney stones diet

• Breakfast: oatmeal with milk, tea with jam and dryers;

• Lunch: boiled beetroot salad with olive oil;

• Lunch: soup with cauliflower and greens, boiled fish (cod) with rice, coffee;

• Snack: tea with marmalade or jam;

• Dinner: carrot cutlets with sour cream, pear juice;

• Second dinner: muesli with kefir.


• Breakfast: semolina porridge, tea with honey;

• Lunch: nuts hazelnuts (50 g), coffee drink;

• Lunch: vegetable cream soup, pumpkin porridge with raisins and rice, table still water;

• Snack: orange juice;

• Dinner: cottage cheese with sour cream, fruit jelly;

• Second dinner: banana.


• Breakfast: buckwheat porridge with milk, grated apple, sour cream, tea with lemon;

• Lunch: fruit and berry jelly with galetny cookies;

• Lunch: vermicelli milk soup, vegetable cabbage rolls with rice, apple compote;

• Snack: sandwich with cheese and tea;

• Dinner: zucchini cutlets with sour cream, tea with biscuits;

• The second dinner kefir.


• Breakfast: oatmeal with milk, tea made from dried berries, dry biscuits;

• Lunch: a salad of fresh cucumbers and tomatoes, with olive oil, a slice of dried rye bread;

• Lunch: vegetable soup, boiled pollock with rice and carrots, tomato juice;

• Snack: a sandwich with cheese and tea with lemon;

• Dinner: cottage cheese souffle with milk sauce, orange;

• Second dinner: kefir.


• Breakfast: macaroni with cheese, baked milk, bread;

• Lunch: fresh or baked apple;

• Lunch: potato soup with greens, zucchini fried with sour cream, watermelon;

• Snack: orange juice;

• Dinner: scrambled eggs, apple juice, biscuits;

• Second dinner: milk with honey.

A diet with kidney stones can be varied and useful if you add in it permitted cereal dishes, vegetables, fruits, sweets, fresh juices, fruit drinks, decoctions.

In addition to the diet, with kidney stones, the drinking mode plays an important role, with a large amount of fluid drunk during the day. Its volume should not be less than 2 liters.

It is also worth remembering about fractional meals and small amounts of servings.

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