Obesity is a public health problem that affects millions of people around the world. This disease is directly dependent on the imbalance between calorie consumption and their consumption during regular physical exertion. Scientists have repeatedly conducted research in the hope of finding a universal diet that would help everyone to lose weight, but no diet in the world can be considered the only correct one. However, one of the most effective options is a high protein diet. Many participants in the experiments noted a significant weight loss, but at the same time they almost unanimously stated that they were getting worse. What is this diet really? What are the pitfalls it holds? Let’s figure it out!
The history of high-protein diet and its effectiveness
A high protein, low carbohydrate diet gained popularity in the 1970s, but it was known in ancient times. Greek athletes, for example, preferred this type of food.
Studies from Duke University, the Philadelphia Medical Center and the University of Pennsylvania show that the average weight loss with a high protein diet during the first six months of use is approximately 9 kg. This is quite a standard indicator, so it cannot be said that this diet is more effective than others.
Risks associated with a high protein diet
In addition to being effective in losing weight, a diet high in protein and low in carbohydrates can also cause serious health damage. Some of the side effects of this diet include:
- The risk of ketosis. Ketosis is a condition that is observed with severe and uncontrolled diabetes, as well as with prolonged fasting. Lack of carbohydrates in the diet can lead to an increased risk of ketosis, and this circumstance can be life-threatening.
- The risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. High protein diets are usually based on excessive consumption of meat and dairy products, and they are observed really high levels of cholesterol and saturated fats, which directly affect the development of heart disease.
- Risk of kidney damage. Proteins are usually excreted by the kidneys. Diets high in animal protein over time can cause an excessive load on the kidneys and damage their function.
- The risk of diabetes complications. Diabetes itself increases the risk of ketosis, heart disease and kidney disease. High protein diets can exacerbate these problems.
- The risk of bowel cancer. According to Harvard University research, regular meat consumption increases the risk of colon cancer by about 300 percent.
- Nutritional deficiencies. The American Heart Association states that high-protein diets are not a healthy way to combat excess weight, as there is a shortage of nutrients in the body due to a poor diet. According to scientists, supporters of this type of food deprive themselves of essential vitamins, minerals and trace elements, which significantly undermine their own health.
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