Does gallstone disease allow treatment without surgery, what kind of diet is necessary for this disease? These questions concern many people who have gallstones or ducts. Gallstone (or cholelithiasis) (GIB) is today the third largest on the planet in terms of prevalence after pathologies of the cardiovascular system and diabetes. For its treatment, the surgical method is most often used, which consists in the complete removal of the gallbladder filled with stones, but in some cases the specialist may suggest to the patient other ways of dealing with this ailment.
Cholelithiasis (otherwise called gallstone disease) is a pathology resulting from the formation of stones in the human biliary system. At the initial stage, this disease is asymptomatic and is found in most people at random during an ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity organs. Gallstone disease is most affected by women. According to statistics, she is diagnosed in 70% of the fair sex, while among the male population the incidence rate is only 30%.
Although at the initial stage of its course cholelithiasis does not give a person physical discomfort, there are symptoms that can indicate his development. These include:
- occasionally arising pain in the right hypochondrium, which can irradiate to the forearm or scapula, located on the same side;
- feeling of bitterness in the mouth upon waking;
- excessive flatulence in the intestines;
- alternating constipation and diarrhea;
- discoloration of feces;
- fast fatiguability;
As the disease progresses, the pancreas, which is located in close proximity to the gallbladder, is involved in the pathological process. A person begins to be disturbed by severe pains in it that occur after eating fatty and spicy foods, as well as during heavy physical exertion. In women, deterioration of health can trigger menstruation or pregnancy.
The most common treatment for cholelithiasis is cholecystectomy, a surgical procedure in which complete removal of a calculus-filled organ occurs. There are the following indications for surgery:
- the presence in the gallbladder of a large number of stones;
- large stones, the diameter of which exceeds 1 cm;
- blockage of bile duct stones;
- non-functioning gallbladder.
In the case when a patient who has been diagnosed with gallstones, feels good and does not experience pain in the right hypochondrium, a specialist can offer him non-surgical treatment of the disease. To date, there are several methods to get rid of gallstones without surgery.