A diet for kidney ailments, if it is not of decisive importance, it helps a lot in treating the underlying disease. Patients who methodically take medicines, drink the recommended herbal decoctions, but do not monitor their diet, are doomed to chronic process. For any kidney disease, it is important to adhere to the principles of proper nutrition, and in some cases, strict time constraints are necessary.
Let us first examine the basic principles that must be followed by all people suffering from kidney diseases.
Attitudes toward food proteins in kidney disease should be cautious. Once in the body, the protein breaks down into many components, including nitrogenous substances. With impaired renal function, they accumulate in the blood and begin their harmful, poisonous activities. With exacerbation of nephritis and other renal pathologies, you are shown a low protein diet, with a limit of 50 grams per day. Reception, only half of the required protein can be taken from animal products.
A protein-free diet for kidney disease is prescribed for acute renal failure and for exacerbation of chronic. Long such a diet does not happen, because the patient loses not only harmful nitrogenous elements, but also useful amino acids. A protein-free menu is assigned for a period of 2 weeks, after which they switch to low-protein nutrition.
Another important nutritional issue for people suffering from chronic kidney disease is water. It is difficult for a diseased organ to cope with a large amount of fluid, and the delayed fluid begins to form edema. It is by him that one can sometimes recognize a kidney patient on the street – the kidney edema is located under the eyes, making the face puffy and stale.
In chronic pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, the amount of fluid should be limited. At least