Unfortunately, pregnancy is not only the joy of future motherhood, but also transient troubles associated with health. One of them is gestational diabetes, or pregnant diabetes.
Diet for gestational diabetes in pregnant women: the menu, the basic principles of nutrition
Gestational diabetes is a problem for pregnant women. The pathogenesis of this syndrome is different from the classic disease. As a rule, with the end of pregnancy, diabetes mellitus passes. And one more important fact: diabetes mellitus can be considered gestational only in the case when everything was in order with blood glucose before conception. Why does blood sugar rise when a woman is in position? The fact is that insulin (a hormone that helps reduce glucose) for two requires more. However, pancreatic cells may not cope with the increased load. So there is diabetes mellitus.
The danger of the disease is that an excess of sugar has a negative effect on the entire metabolism, on the whole organism. The expectant mother has unpleasant symptoms (thirst, dry mouth, frequent urination, and others), and the fetus will suffer from it. If a woman has encountered such a problem, then an endocrinologist should observe her during pregnancy. He will talk about what needs to be done with gestational diabetes. And the main focus will be on the diet.
Diet for gestational diabetes of pregnant women
Diet for gestational diabetes is almost the only measure. There is no sense and indication to prescribe the basic treatment used in ordinary diabetes. Especially drugs can be completely contraindicated due to their negative effect on the fetus.
It is quite obvious that a diet with gestational diabetes in pregnant women suggests a decrease in the diet of simple carbohydrates, which are essentially glucose. But there are other equally important aspects:
- Try to eat varied, because you “feed” your unborn child as well;
- Try to observe an adequate water regime, drink more. Of course, if you do not have preeclampsia with edema and hypertension;
- Forget about all foods and drinks high in sugar: packaged juices, soda, cocktails, sweets (all kinds of candy, cookies, chocolate, cakes), sugar in its purest form. Do not use sweeteners or sweeteners;
- Fatty foods also need to be reduced to a minimum;
- Eat about five to six times a day. So you will avoid sudden drops in blood sugar levels;
- From carbohydrate foods you can eat rye bread, pasta made from durum wheat, cereals (barley, buckwheat, oatmeal);
- The diet should be enough fiber (vegetables, fruits, cereals). It helps reduce blood glucose levels;
- Never overeat, but do not follow a strict diet. In the second case, your future baby will not receive all the nutrients it needs;
- If possible, monitor blood sugar levels with a glucometer. In extreme cases, do control tests;
- If at a certain point the glucose level became normal, then you should not immediately return to the usual diet. This may be a false result or a temporary decline. There is a risk that sugar will rise again.
It is strictly forbidden to eat and drink:
- All sweet (honey, sugar, ice cream, and so on);
- White bread, pastry;
- High calorie fruits: bananas, dates, melons, grapes, figs;
- Fast food, fast food;
- Semi-finished products;
- Smoked meat;
- Carbonated drinks, soft drinks, juices in bags;
- Fatty meat and poultry, fat, jellied meat;
- Canned food (any: meat, fish, fruit, vegetable, mushroom);
- Cocoa, jelly and similar "dry" drinks.
After all these products, the level of glucose is rapidly increasing, and insulin for its utilization is not enough.
You can eat, but in small quantities:
- Pasta made from second-grade or rye flour;
- Pastry from lean dough;
And what can be used safely?
- Cereals from the above cereals;
- Legumes (beans, peas);
- Mushrooms (but be careful, be sure to subject them to heat treatment and discard canned in oil);
- Fruits (apples, pears, watermelon);
- Lean meat and fish;
- Dairy products (savory!);
- Vegetables, as well as greens, leaf lettuce;
- Vegetable oil (sunflower or olive);
- Rye bread, loaves, whole grain bread.
Diet for gestational diabetes in pregnant women: menu
So, we offer you an exemplary menu if you are diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, or gestational.
- Option number 1. We have buckwheat porridge and a cup of green tea without sugar. The morning snack (or second breakfast) is an apple, preferably green, and also a slice of rye bread with a slice of cheese. For lunch you can eat more: three tablespoons of boiled beets with butter, soup with lean broth (to your taste), two slices of whole-grain bread, some boiled meat. As an afternoon snack, you can eat a hundred grams of cottage cheese and a couple of pieces of dry biscuits. We will have dinner with mashed potatoes, green peas (it is better to take frozen, not canned), tomato juice and a slice of rye bread. At bedtime, it is allowed to drink a glass of milk (or kefir, ryazhenka) and eat a piece of cheese;
- Option number 2. For breakfast we cook millet in milk, from drinks – black tea without sugar. After a couple of hours, you can eat cottage cheese casserole or cheesecakes (without sugar, you can add a spoonful of sour cream). We will eat borscht on a loose broth and a slice of rye bread. The snack will consist of a fruit platter (but only from the list of permitted). For dinner, buckwheat is perfect with boiled fish and cucumber and tomato salad;
- Option number 3. For breakfast, choose oatmeal with milk (you can add a bit of fresh apples). The second breakfast will be a pear, a slice of cheese. For lunch, as always, low-fat soup plus a piece of boiled chicken with mashed potatoes. You can have mid-morning fat-free natural yogurt and biscuits (dry). But for dinner we cook vegetable stew with the addition of meat;
- Option number 4. Breakfast omelette of two eggs with milk, a cup of tea. For a second breakfast, take a couple of kiwi. For lunch, cook chicken soup with cabbage, boil the beans and fish. In the afternoon, you can treat yourself to a small amount of sour cream with berries. And you can have dinner with low-fat cabbage rolls, fresh carrot and apple salad. Do not deny yourself any milk drink at night, if suddenly there was a feeling of hunger.
As you can see, pessary diabetes during pregnancy is not necessarily the strictest diet. Just need to abandon simple carbohydrates (sugar, sweets). Of course, it will be very difficult for some to do this, but to eat right for diabetes is simply necessary. Think, first of all, about your future baby.