Oil. How much sense in these five letters! Everyone, having heard this word, will put its own meaning in it: someone will present a dark, viscous liquid or oil pumping; Someone will see tables with quotations; and who will remember at all how many wars are still being waged because of it. Yes, it is multifaceted in its sense, as multifaceted in its application. On the most unexpected ways to use oil and its derivatives, we will discuss in this article. So, let’s begin.
OIL IN MEDICINE
In Azerbaijan, 320 km from Baku, on the banks of the river Naftalan, the city of the same name is comfortably situated, which until 1967 was only a village. Naftalan got its name because of the production of a special kind of oil there – naftalan. The modern name comes from the word “naphtha” – that is, “flowing out, seeping out” – in the language of ancient Mussel, the ancient state that existed in the territory of Azerbaijan.
People learned about the healing properties of local oil many hundreds of years ago. The great Azerbaijani poet and thinker Nizami Ganjavi (1141-1201) wrote about him, he was also mentioned in the notes of Marco Polo (13th century), who described Naftalan in this way: “a magic ointment that helps against skin diseases.” First, naftalan was mined from shallow wells. In 1890, the first well was drilled by a German engineer.
Since 1920, the naphthalene deposit has been declared a protected zone by the government of the Soviet Union. In the town began a new era. Since 1926, the specialized resort "Naftalan" began to work, where patients from all over the USSR were treated with diseases of the musculoskeletal system, with neurological, skin, gynecological, and urological diseases. The number of patients taking naphthalan baths was about 70,000 people per year. An experimental laboratory for the study of biological activity was organized at the Baku Scientific Research Institute of Resortology
And for those tourists who, fortunately, intensive treatment is not required, are at the service of beautiful forests (another unique case is the oil field in the forest!) And the purest mountain air of Transcaucasia.
In addition, oil is widely used in pharmaceuticals. For example, the well-known drug Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid, which everyone undoubtedly knows! The most popular antipyretic and analgesic, which is in the medicine cabinet of almost every family, but few know what it is made of. But it turns out that oil contains components of aspirin! Other drugs, such as antiseptics, antibiotics, anti-tuberculosis drugs, sedatives and much more, are also produced from it.
"On the sea sand, I Marusya met
In pink stockings, waist – in a corset. "
These are words from a song that once sounded in the good old movie “Wedding in Robin”. The film itself, of course, is not related to the topic. We take from here only two things: stockings and a corset — we, in this case, are only interested in them. And in what manner. Corsets, of course, are no longer in demand, as in the old days, but stockings and pantyhose are favorite, almost everyday things, without which millions of women simply cannot do. We wear them without thinking that they are the end product of oil refining. Namely, made of nylon – durable transparent fiber based on polyamide. Nylon was “presented” to the world back in 1938 (opened in 1935) and since then it has been used in everyday life and in almost any industry we know. The most popular products, of course, clothing, parachutes, equipment and equipment for various purposes: fishing line, strings, plastic products, ropes and much more.
“My light, mirror! Tell me, yes, tell the whole truth: Am I in the world all the sweeter, Blush and whiter than all? ”
Millions of women were knocked down in search of magical means capable of preserving their youth and beauty. Thousands of pundits do not sleep at night trying to create a unique product, so vital to these women, and in the modern world, to the men themselves, by the way, too. The result is a myriad of tubes and bottles, in orderly rows of stores migrating from the shelves to the shelves of our lockers. And, of course, reading the composition of funds on the back, we try to choose the most miraculous, clinging eyes for a unique ingredient in the formula that can create a magical transfiguration. But the list that lists the main components, we only slip a look, as usual, and sometimes not entirely clear to us, repeated many times in most care products. And here in vain, because it is precisely in it that the same OIL is hidden! Let’s take a quick run …
Propylene glycol – is used as a moisturizing component in creams, lotions, decorative cosmetics, such as mascaras and lipstick. It is a derivative of oil and is used in industry for the production of products such as brake fluid and antifreeze.
Parabens – are part of almost all the means for care and cosmetics, as they are preservatives, prolonging the life of the product. Parabens are also refined products.
Mineral oil – is part of the vast majority of body care products, including children. For example: tanning products, creams and lotions, massage and baby oils, lip balms and lipsticks, tonal tools and much more. In fact, it is a technical oil, a product of petrochemistry, it was just given the name beautiful, “natural”.
Paraffin and paraffin oil is about the same as mineral oil, but is considered more toxic. Used in creams, as a skin care component.
This is just a short list of what is most common. This list can be easily expanded. It can be noted that there are dyes, made again on the basis of petrochemistry, which are part of many cosmetics. And another thing: almost all the perfumes presented are perfumes, eau de toilette — even the most expensive, cannot do without petrochemicals in its essence. And in the near future it is unlikely that something will change, because there are no worthy analogs that allow keeping smells for a long time and the shelf life itself. Information about the benefits and harms of these substances is more than contradictory. Therefore, the responsibility for the choice lies only with ourselves.
There are artists who have mastered the unique technique of painting pictures with oil and consider it to be the best natural paint. Preference is given to Yakut oil, they say, it is better placed on paper or canvas. In general, oil from different fields has different shades and texture, and working with it is not so easy. But having tried time, it is already impossible to stop.
Continuing the theme of using oil, I would like to tell about one more application of it, perhaps, even the most unusual one. It turns out that oil is used in the food industry.
For a long time, the growth of humanity on our planet marked the problem of food shortages in the future. And Soviet scientists, along with foreign ones, began looking for ways to fill this shortage by creating “artificial” food products. In particular, in the early 1960s, the former president of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, Alexander Nikolaevich Nesmeyanov (1899-1980) dealt with this problem. Being a vegetarian since childhood, Nesmeyanov, an organic chemist by profession, has devoted almost all his working life to solving the food problem through chemical and biological effects on some components, including hydrocarbon raw materials, petrochemical waste, and extracting proteins from them. And I must say, succeeded in this! Synthetic protein is more than able to replace the natural, contained in meat and dairy products. On the basis of it was originally created, for example, "Protein granular caviar", remember, the one that appeared some time ago on the shelves of stores? But basically, the artificial protein (paprin) was sent for the feeding of farm animals and fish, and also went for export. Currently, it is actively displacing vegetable protein – soy, but to this day paprin is produced in small quantities. It has an advantage over soy, which consists in a complete amino acid composition.
But not everything is so simple, there is also the other side of the coin. It turns out that many foods, even those intended for children’s consumption, contain very harmful, carcinogenic substances, which are also recoverable in the process of refining, causing oncological diseases. They are mainly represented in food dyes. And the products are the most familiar to our eyes, for example, MM’s favorite sweets, Cheetos and Pringles chips and much more.
From all you can do only one conclusion: you need to carefully monitor what to eat. In case of famine, our country, so rich in oil, and with such developments, of course, will survive, but at what price.
Well, in general, it is just wonderful that Russia is rich in oil! This means that we will not stay hungry, we will be stunningly beautiful, and even in pantyhose!